LOEW, MARCUS


LOEW, MARCUS
LOEW, MARCUS (1870–1927), U.S. motion picture executive. Born in New York, Loew rose to a powerful position in the American film industry. He began his career in motion pictures by setting up penny arcades in New York City. Loew expanded these electric vaudeville machine parlors to other major U.S. cities and upped the penny ante equipment to nickelodeons, which showed films for five cents. He also began to purchase theaters and convert them into vaudeville-film houses. The idea of combining vaudeville with films proved so lucrative that in 1921 he opened the Loew's State Theater on Broadway with a seating capacity of 3,200. In 1919 he bought Metro Pictures, Inc., and in 1924 acquired Goldwyn Pictures. To eliminate the cost of renting films, Loew came up with the idea of producing films for use in his own theaters. With the appointment of Louis B. Mayer as vice president of the film company, the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) film studio was formed, with Loew's Inc. gaining controlling interest. By 1927 Loew had a chain of 144 deluxe theaters across the country, including several in Canada. At his death, Loew was president of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studios of Hollywood and of Loew's Inc., one of the largest cinema chains in the United States. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Naylor, American Picture Palaces: The Architecture of Fantasy (1981); B. Crowther, The Lion's Share: The Story of an Entertainment Empire (1957). (Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Loew,Marcus — Loew (lō), Marcus. 1870 1927. American motion picture producer who founded a national chain of movie theaters (1912). Later, as head of Metro Pictures, he helped orchestrate the series of mergers that led to the formation of Metro Goldwyn Mayer… …   Universalium

  • Loew, Marcus — ▪ American executive born May 7, 1870, New York City died Sept. 5, 1927, New York City       American motion picture executive and pioneer motion picture theatre owner whose consolidation and expansion of his business interests helped establish… …   Universalium

  • Loew, Marcus — (1870 1927)    The producer was born into poverty in New York City and left school to take odd jobs when he was nine. From penny arcades he moved to acquire a dime theatre in Brooklyn, and then began to build his remarkable chain, which by 1921… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Marcus Loew — (May 7, 1870 – September 5, 1927) was an American business magnate and a pioneer of the motion picture industry who formed Loews Theatres and Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM). Biography Born into a poor Jewish family in New York City, he was forced by… …   Wikipedia

  • Loew's, Inc — Loew’s, Incorporated (Loew’s, Inc., auch: Loews Theatres ) war der Name einer großen US amerikanischen Kinokette, die 1904 von Marcus Loew gegründet wurde. Unter eigenem Namen bestand das Unternehmen bis zum Zusammenschluss mit der Firma AMC… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Loew's, Inc. — Loew’s, Incorporated (Loew’s, Inc., auch: Loews Theatres ) war der Name einer großen US amerikanischen Kinokette, die 1904 von Marcus Loew gegründet wurde. Unter eigenem Namen bestand das Unternehmen bis zum Zusammenschluss mit der Firma AMC… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Loew's, Incorporated — Loew’s, Incorporated (Loew’s, Inc., auch: Loews Theatres ) war der Name einer großen US amerikanischen Kinokette, die 1904 von Marcus Loew gegründet wurde. Unter eigenem Namen bestand das Unternehmen bis zum Zusammenschluss mit der Firma AMC… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Loew — Löw oder Loew, eine Bezeichnung für den ersten Henkersgehilfen (siehe Löw (Beruf)), ist der Familienname folgender Personen Emanuel Löw (1834–1908), schweizerischer Politiker Emil Löw (1892–??), deutscher Landespolitiker (Bayern) Ernst Loew (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Loew’s, Inc. — Loew’s, Incorporated (Loew’s, Inc., auch: Loews Theatres ) war der Name einer großen US amerikanischen Kinokette, die 1904 von Marcus Loew gegründet wurde. Unter eigenem Namen bestand das Unternehmen bis zum Zusammenschluss mit der Firma AMC… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcus Loew — (* 7. Mai 1870 in New York City; † 5. September 1927 in Glen Cove, Long Island) war ein amerikanischer Geschäftsmann und Pionier der Filmindustrie, der Loew’s, Inc. und Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) gründete. Als Sohn einer armen, jüdischen, aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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